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Congratulations on your new puppy! Owning a puppy can be a rewarding experience, but it can also be a very large responsibility. Below we have listed important medical and behavioral information needed as new puppy owners. If you have questions concerning any subject related to your puppy’s health, please feel free to call our clinic.

Vaccine Schedule:

8 weeks: Distemper/Parvovirus combination vaccine, General dewormer, Heartworm preventative, Flea preventative.

12 weeks: Distemper/Parvovirus combination vaccine, Bordetella vaccine, +/- Lyme vaccine (depending on exposure), Fecal check (Please bring a fresh fecal sample to this visit), Heartworm preventative, Flea preventative.

16 weeks: Distemper/Parvovirus combination vaccine, Bordetella vaccine, Rabies vaccines, +/- Lyme vaccine (depending on exposure), General dewormer, Heartworm preventative, Flea Preventative.

Why spay or neuter:

  1. Allows your pet to live a longer, healthier life. Spaying your female will immediately reduce the chances of developing uterine, ovarian or mammary cancer. You also eliminate the chances of developing pyometra, an infected uterus. In males, neutering reduces the chances of testicular cancers and future prostate problems.
  2. Females will not go into heat
  3. Males are less likely to mark territories, feel the need to roam, mount objects, and will be less aggressive.
  4. Your pet will NOT get fat- overfeeding, lack of exercise, and hormonal changes cause your pet to gain weight. A proactive owner can keep altered pets in perfect shape.
  5. Your dog will still protect your home. This is an instinct determined by genetics and your dog’s environment, not something dependent on reproductive parts.
  6. Save money! Add up the costs of a possible c-section delivery, veterinary care for litters of puppies or kittens, and veterinary care for cancers or pyometra later in life. The one-time cost of a spay or neuter is significantly less than what your will end up spending in the long run.

Potty Training:

There are many contributing factors to how long it may take to housetrain your puppy including such as: breed, age, and overall health. Potty training takes both patience and consistency. Please ask for a handout with detailed tips for potty training if this is an issue. Listed below are a few key points you need to remember when potty training.

  1. Take your puppy out frequently- about every 2-3 hours. Look for signs that they may need to eliminate like circling, whining, sniffing. When you see these signs take your puppy out immediately. It is also ideal to take your puppy out about 15-20 minutes after meal times. Having a routine feeding schedule is very important for potty training. If your puppy is eating at the same time each day they will be more likely to eliminate at consistent times as well.
  2. Praise is the most vital part to successful potty training. Whether praise is given verbally or with a treat and needs to occur immediately after your puppy goes potty outside.
  3. Accidents- occasional accidents are to be expected. If you catch your puppy in the middle of the accident take them outside immediately and let them finish.

Crate Training:

Your puppy may feel the need to eat, chew, or play with inappropriate items when unsupervised. This is why it is recommended your puppy be kept in a confined space such as a crate during times you are unable to supervise. Please ask for a handout with detailed tips on crate training if this is an issue for your puppy. Listed below are a few key points you need to remember when crate training.

  1. Leave the crate door open for your puppy to go in and out while you are home. Allowing your puppy to do this will help reinforce the crate as a positive place to be.
  2. Try leaving treats in the crate to encourage them to go in on their own.
  3. Do practice runs. Place your puppy in its crate for short periods while you are home. This way your puppy does not associate the crate with long periods of alone time.
  4. Never let your puppy out of its crate while it is barking. Doing this will reinforce the idea that barking will get them out of their crate and cause future behavior problems.
  5. The crate should only be big enough for your puppy to stand up and turn around. This will decrease the chances of your puppy having an accident in its crate.